The Great Pyramid of Giza stands alone as the last monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is generally accepted that the Great Pyramid was built during the Reign of Pharaoh Khufu and was completed in 2560 BC.
In view of Stellar Alignments with the “Star Shafts” which radiate from the King and Queen’s Chambers it has been suggested by Robert Bauval in his book “The Orion Mystery” that the date of construction might have been approximately 2450 BC.
Throughout history the Great Pyramid has influenced the mind of Mankind and many theories have been promoted concerning the building and its purpose. Numerous conquests of Egypt were fueled in a great degree by the quest for Esoteric Knowledge.
Alexander the Great and Napoleon were both influenced by Egyptian thought and their incursions into Egypt had a dramatic impact on the course of World events. Alexander the Great was offered the Double Crown of the Two Lands by the High Priests and anointed as Pharaoh in Memphis on Nov. 14, 332 BC and proclaimed as “Son of the Gods”.
Ancient Egyptian knowledge of Mathematics was studied by Greek Philosophers and their impact on the course of human thought was immeasurable. One can only imagine what the course of World History would have been had the Library at Alexandria not been burned.
To this very day the Egyptian ideals of the Ancient World are still influencing the unfolding events of our time. A great many books have been written exploring the many facets of this influence.
The Great Pyramid itself is said to be the most comprehensively studied building in the World as Scientists from across the Globe have studied its Geometry and its Symbolic Relevance in every conceivable detail.
The Pyramid of Khufu which stands next to the pyramid of Khafra and Menkaure is the most famous of the three. The sides of the pyramid are facing due north, south, east and west.
Large blocks of stones, weighing between 2.5t (even the largest of about 15t the entire building is made up of more than 2.3 million such units, which makes the Pyramid of Khufu the heaviest man-made structure has a mass of more than 6 million tons), were set with great precision.
The walls are covered with grain limestone from the quarries at Tura. With this case, only fragments remained in the lowest layers. Truncated apex of the pyramid meant that the amount has decreased from 146.6 m to approximately 137m.